"According to the latest estimates, there are only about 3,200 tigers left in the wild on the entire planet. That's a catastrophically sharp decline from the 100,000 tigers that were estimated to be in the wild in 1990. The WWF experts warn that 'The big cat, which is native to southern and eastern Asia, could soon become extinct unless urgent action is taken to prevent hunting and loss of habitat.'"
"Forest department officials say in Muktsar, the number of kikar trees has declined by more than 50 per cent in the past eight years."
"A district known for high incidence of cancer, locals say: ' Drakht nu tan cancer ho gaya. (The trees have been struck by cancer)'."
"Probably they are right. Forget about the cure, nobody has an inkling about the reasons behind the dying trees. Stunned forest officials say 'this is due to changing climatic conditions and altering soil conditions...."
"Scientists are working on various hypotheses. Among these are changing weather conditions, soil conditions or just a wrong site. In Punjab with canal irrigation, there has been an increase in the water-table level, increasing the moisture content in the soil. 'And the sheesham can only thrive in a sandy top soil,' says KS Jatana, a retired DFO."
"Another theory says that smog-hit Bathinda, known for its thermal plants producing a high quantity of flyash, is causing the death of its kikar and sheesham trees."
In Chandigarth, a city with over 650 sites identified as having dead trees in need of removal, their decline is blamed on "croncretisation", according to Express India last September:
"...a committee has recommended the immediate removal of completely dead and dry trees in conjunction with giving instant attention to dangerous trees which are leaning on roads or buildings. The report suggested that besides becoming a threat to human lives and property, these trees have turned into breeding ground for insects and pathogen and have gone weak due to fungal and bacterial infestation."
"A number of the trees which had helped Chandigarh get a tag of greenest city of India have become ‘dangerous’.
A committee constituted by the administration of this Union Territory (UT) has identified nearly 650 locations where such trees exist. Many of these trees are older than the city. There are trees of around 300 species in Chandigarh.
Officials said many of the trees have turned into breeding grounds for insects and pathogens and have gone weak due to fungal and bacterial infestation. Some may topple over and fall on roads or crash into buildings."
"I am from Nellore Dist and doing Mosambi cultivation. we are facing a huge problem of losing trees which is about 5 years old in average of 4-5% of trees every year. The mosambi trees are suddenly die with no symptoms at all. once tree start showing meekness it dies after 3-4 days. We see this problem majoerly in July- Aug months. We tried all possible pesticides but so far no clue why trees are loosing."
"The very existence of Delbergia Sissoo -- one of the most widely grown trees in the country for its timber -- is under threat from fungal diseases that are causing depletion of the trees at an alarming rate.
The tree belonging to the Fabaceae family, widely popular with farmers for their commercial value, is witnessing an alarmingly high rate of mortality according to the researchers, scientists and farmers.Scientists and researchers say Plecoptera reflexa, a leaf defoliator,Dichmeria eridantis, a leaf roller, Stromartium barbatum, a wood borer, andSinoxylon anale and Lyctus africanus -- two types of beetles have been reported as causing considerable damage to the trees.
The fungus, Ganoderma lucidum, causing root and butt rot is also a common ailment that hits the tree. Fusarium solani and Polyporus gilvus also cause similar diseases. Sishoo also suffers minor damage from two foliage rusts and a powdery mildew.'
"Environmentalists have started ringing alarm bells following the death of a number of shisham (Dalbergia sisoo) trees in India, Pakistan, Nepal and Bangladesh.Nearly 8 to 10 lakh trees have wilted so far causing a huge loss in these three nations," said, Head of the Forest Pathology Division at the FRI A N Shukla.As soon as the fungus strikes, the leaves of the tree starts turning pale and within a week or two the tree dies. Various factors like the climate change due to global warming, type of site and hydrological stress in the form of flooding and drought have been attributed to the dying of these trees, preliminary investigations revealed.The satellite pictures show a "brown haze" over Delhi to the entire stretch of lower Himalayas extending up to West Bengal, Bangladesh and other South-Asian countries. Scientists, who studied the phenomenon as part of "India Ocean Experiment" (INDOEX), named it as "Asian Brown Haze."'As the forests are natural reserves and repository of bio-diversity, effect of global warming is apparent on large-scale mortality of shisham trees in India. There is a definite correlation between brown haze and mortality of shisham as the area of mortality is the same over which the brown haze is presently static," said Shukla.'"
"The deodar trees dying at fast speed in Palampur. These trees were planted by the Britishers. One hundred trees have dried up in the town in past five years."
"No efforts were made by the authorities to know reason for sudden collapse of these trees."
"The shady green trees in that row are in the process of dying as they have been stricken by some unknown leaf disease. You can see 'bubbles' on the leaves and they really look pathetic.
"If NParks do not act fast, I fear the trees will not last till the end of this year. The residents here are sad to see the trees dying as they slowly turn 'botakb."
"...over the past few years Kairabeb, who grew up in the area, noticed that large quiver trees -- protected in Namibia and by the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES) -- were drying out and toppling over.
Scientists found this is most likely caused by drought, with weather data showing that average temperatures have increased over past decades across the tree's range."
"Analysts say a variety of explanations are possible, from an improperly high estimate of corn usage as of June 1 to a delayed recognition of shrinkage due to poor-quality corn."
"..from reconstructions of Northern Hemisphere temperature based on tree rings and other natural archives of climate collected from multiple sites, it appears that current temperature (since ad 1850) exceeds the range of variability reconstructed for ad 1000-1850. Uncertainties in dendroclimatology exist, including a relatively recent issue called divergence, but dendroclimatology has played, and continues to play, a substantial role in interdisciplinary research on climate change."
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